- The unofficial term for Maothought or the ideas and politics of Mao Zedong. The principal themes are an emphasis on voluntarism, dialectical philosophy especially the theme of contradictions, a class analysis that focuses on the attitudinal aspect of class identity and on the revolutionary role of the peasantry, a revolutionary theory incorporating the notions of guerrilla warfare and “encirclement,” and a commitment to democratic centralism and the “mass line.” Maoism has been popular among Third World Marxists, for example the Shining Path.
Historical dictionary of Marxism. David Walker and Daniel Gray . 2014.